Since those early days of whimsy, few people have given their employment decision much thought.

However, as the ninth grade closes and the tenth grade begins, this question resurfaces in a huge way. Parents, family, teachers, and even friends can’t stop telling you that you need to choose your major after 10th grade and that now is the time to start thinking about it.

How are you supposed to choose a stream that will be with you for two years and a career that will be with you for the rest of your life when you haven’t even started thinking about your career or stream?

Let’s not get too worked up over this. Choosing a stream may appear to be a challenging undertaking, but it is actually not that difficult if you are aware of your possibilities and conduct thorough research and introspection.

Taking it one step at a time is the best approach. So, why don’t we start from the beginning? Let’s take a look at what stream choice is all about, as well as the streams available in CBSE class 11, as well as the topics available in each as per the Class 11 NCERT Books


The CBSE offers three stream options that influence which subjects you will study in 11th and 12th grade and what professional opportunities you will have in the future.

Let’s have a look at the three major streams available:

  1. Have a look at the Science stream– This is a stream about which most of you are fairly knowledgeable. Not only because science is something that everyone studies till at least class ten, but also because it is a topic that people can’t seem to get enough of. “Go for the science stream so that you can become an Engineer or a Doctor,” to “You are brilliant at academics, I’m sure you’re thinking about selecting for science, I’m sure?”

Despite the fact that these ideas are far from accurate, you are likely to have some idea of what the science stream comprises.

As previously said, the Science stream is concerned with the study of the physical and natural world through the study of pure sciences and their applications in real life. You will learn about the numerous secrets of the universe around us, from how the laws of gravitation regulate planetary motion to the structure of the atom.

To be successful in this stream, you must have an intrinsic curiosity and desire to learn, as well as the capacity to reason logically.

What about the subjects? 

The scientific stream is divided into two sub-branches dependent on the third subject you are studying:

Medical – Optional physics, chemistry, biology, and English Subject

Physics, Chemistry, Maths, English, and Optional Non-Medical Subject

Physics and Chemistry are common to both divisions, with the only distinction being whether you choose Mathematics (PCM) or Biology (Biology) (PCB). Students may, however, choose a combination of the two (PCMB), studying Mathematics instead of the optional course. A PCMB combination has its own set of advantages and disadvantages, and you should make your pick only after thorough consideration.

2. Let’s talk business: The Commerce stream

Students in commerce learn about how commodities and services are transferred, how businesses run, how financial transactions take place, how the country’s economy functions, and more. The importance of commerce and associated jobs in our daily lives makes it a lucrative field to pursue, as well as one with a diverse range of employment opportunities.

While you may or may not study Mathematics as part of your Commerce degree, numbers are the foundation of this field. Success in the commerce stream requires a thorough grasp of computations and arithmetic foundations, as well as the capacity to cope with huge amounts of data.

Subjects- Because its three core courses are unfamiliar to most students, commerce is a stream in which they have the least knowledge.

The following are the subjects that you must learn: Accounting, Business Studies, Economics, English, and Mathematics are just a few of the subjects available (or optional subjects). 

Students interested in accounting, banking, finance, and other related industries frequently pursue a commerce degree. If you have the right aptitude for statistics and data, you can build a highly successful and financially rewarding career in these fields.

3. Knowing about the human society: Humanities

Humanities as a discipline have long been misunderstood and ignored, but as we enter the second decade of the twenty-first century, things are rapidly changing. Humanities is no longer seen as a stream for intellectually challenged students, and more and more students are choosing it for the vast range of subject and career choices it offers.

Humanities is a vast field that includes topics such as human civilization, relationships, culture, and systems. These fields can help you learn more about how the world and society around us work, as well as how human society, laws, and conventions have changed over time. Everything falls under the ambit of humanities, from the study of how people interact in groups to the examination of citizens’ legal rights.

Humanities as a stream in 11th and 12th grade are appropriate for students who are aware of and fascinated about international politics, social concerns, historical events, and society.

In contrast to science and commerce, which provide a limited range of options (mostly in terms of elective subjects), the humanities provide students with a wide range of options.

History, Political Science, Economics, Geography, Sociology, and Psychology are just a few of the major courses available.

Some schools enable students to mix and match these topics, while others provide more limited options, such as choosing between Geography and History, Political Science and Economics, and so on.

Another combination that is gaining popularity among students these days is Humanities and Mathematics. Keeping math as your 5th or 6th subject allows you to pursue careers in Economics, Business, and Finance.

Humanities students have a plethora of profitable and sought-after job opportunities once they complete their 12th grade. Due to the broad applicability of humanities, design, law, psychology, economics, management, history, archaeology, international relations, hotel management, event management, mass communication, journalism, civil services, social work, sociology, photography, fashion communication, and content writing are just a few of the possible fields.


There will be a huge gap between what you learned up until 10th grade and what you’ll learn in these two years. As a result, it’s critical that you know exactly what’s in store.

To learn about what each of them includes, talk to others who have been through it before you, such as your seniors and older siblings. Many schools also allow you to try out a few classes in each subject before deciding.

Vinay Kumar
Student. Coffee ninja. Devoted web advocate. Subtly charming writer. Travel fan. Hardcore bacon lover


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